Document Details

Document Type : Article In Conference 
Document Title :
Nile River Quaternary Aquifer Case Study
التكامل الأمثل بين المياه السطحية والجوفية لتحقيق التنمية المستدامة في بيئة المناطق القاحلة: دراسة حالة الخزان الرباعي لنهر النيل
Document Language : English 
Abstract : Sustainable Development via Optimal Integration of Surface and Groundwater in Arid Environment: Nile River Quaternary Aquifer Case Study Mohamed A. Dawoud Associate Professor, Manager, Water Resources Department, Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi, P.O. Box 45553, Email: Hatem Abdel Rahman Ewea Associate Professor , Department of water resources, faculty of meteorology, environment and arid land agriculture science, King Abdul Aziz university, P.O. Box 80208, Jeddah,21589, Saudi Arabia, Email: Abstract: Egypt is an arid country with scarce and limited renewable water resources. Water availability is one of the main problems facing the water resources planning, development and management. A reliable source of surface water is limited and groundwater, which is a vital resource, is used to meet the water demand for agricultural purposes. Due to the limitation of the available areas for agriculture, a government policy started to reclaim the highly elevated desert fringes in many locations in Upper Egypt such as Wadi Al Assiuti, West El Fashn Project, West Samalut Project, West Tahta Project, East Luxor reclamation area, and West Esna Project. However, different operation and traditional management practices for meeting water requirements in these areas using unlined surface water canals and traditional flooding irrigation system lead to water logging in the low lying lands causing soil stalinization and water logging problems. Previous studies recommended optimal integration of groundwater with surface water in a conjunctive use system to mitigate this problem. However, there was no detailed analysis and optimization approach to analyze the economic and reliability benefits from different conjunctive use alternatives. In the present study economic assessment of potential and feasible conjunctive use alternatives and planning were explored for Wadi Al Assiuti Area. Quasi 3-D numerical model was developed using TRIWACO Package and GIS based comprehensive database to simulate the steady and transient flow in saturated and unsaturated zones. The calibrated model was used to assess the appropriate scenarios for applying the conjunctive use and assessing these scenarios. An economic-engineering network flow optimization approach was used to analyze the economic and the reliability benefits from different conjunctive use alternatives. It has been found that integrated management under flexible water allocation can generate sustainable development through minimizing the problem of water salinization and the cost of water pumping and consequently economic benefits to the Wadi. The GIS based model has been proven to be an efficient tool for formulating integrated and sustainable management plan. The Quaternary alluvial aquifer system considered as a promising aquifer. About 48,000 m3/day can be abstracted from two well fields to supply the required water for future development. Monitoring system is required to assess the deep aquifers within the study area. Keywords: Integrated water resources management, Conjunctive use, Flow model; Surface water/aquifer interaction; Water balance; Aquifer recharge. 
Conference Name : The integrated conference on water conservation in arid regions, Water Research Center, King Abdal Aziz University, Jeddah. -12-14 Oct 2009 
Publishing Year : 1430 AH
2009 AD
Article Type : Article 
Added Date : Saturday, March 3, 2012 


Researcher Name (Arabic)Researcher Name (English)Researcher TypeDr GradeEmail
حاتم عبدالرحمن عويعةEwea, Hatem


File NameTypeDescription
 32515.pdf pdf 

Back To Researches Page